Calcium: At least 1200 mg per day for all adults.
Since the typical American diet contains less than 600 mg calcium per day, supplements
are often necessary.
Vitamin D: 400 – 800 I.U. per day for anyone at risk for vitamin
D deficiency. If there is any question about your vitamin D status, a simple blood
test can be done.
Regular weight-bearing exercise: Walking is terrific!
Avoid excess caffeine, alcohol, and sodas: No more than 2 drinks
of each per day.
Fall prevention: Grab bars, minimize clutter, remove loose wires,
non-skid rugs and tub bottom, use night-lights, avoid sedating medications, correct
visual problems, use cane or walker when appropriate, wear sturdy low-heeled shoes.
Medication: If the risk of fracture is sufficiently high, medications
may be used to stabilize or increase the bone density, make the bones stronger,
and reduce the chances of a future fracture.
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